# Archimedes' Principle

Find out the buoyancy force exerted on an object in a fluid with this simple calculator.

Archimedes' force is a fundamental force in fluid mechanics. It acts on any body completely or partially submerged in a fluid (liquid or gas). It is named after the Greek scholar Archimedes who discovered it. The formula for this force is:

`F = rho * V * g`

- F: Archimedes' force (in Newtons)
- `rho`: Density of the fluid (in kg/m
^{3}) - V: Volume of the submerged part of the object (in m
^{3}) - g: Acceleration due to gravity (about 9.81 m/s
^{2})

## Concrete Examples

Here are some scenarios illustrating Archimedes' principle in action:

**Submerged cube:**Imagine a cube with 10 cm edges (thus 0.001 m^{3}in volume) submerged in water (water density ≈ 1000 kg/m^{3}). The Archimedes' force would be`F = 1000 * 0.001 * 9.81 ≈ 9.81 N`

.**Beach ball in water:**Despite its large size, a beach ball floats because its overall density, considering the air it contains, is low.**Submarine:**By adjusting its ballast volume, a submarine can modulate its buoyancy to float on the water's surface or to submerge.

## Real-World Applications

Archimedes' principle has numerous applications, such as:

- Design of ships and submarines
- Buoyancy calculations for diving equipment
- Hydrological and environmental studies

## FAQ

- What happens if the object is completely submerged?
- Archimedes' force still acts, but the volume V will correspond to the total volume of the object.
- Can Archimedes' force make all objects float?
- No, it depends on the object's density relative to that of the fluid. If the object is less dense, it will float.
- Does Archimedes' force apply in all fluids?
- Yes, whether it's in water, oil, air, or any other fluid, this force is always present.
- How does the object's density affect its buoyancy?
- If the object's density is lower than that of the fluid, the object will float. If it is higher, the object will sink.